AskDefine | Define gray

Dictionary Definition

gray adj
1 an achromatic color of any lightness between the extremes of black and white; "gray flannel suit"; "hair just turning gray" [syn: grey, grayish, greyish]
2 showing characteristics of age, especially having gray or white hair; "whose beard with age is hoar"-Coleridge; "nodded his hoary head" [syn: grey, gray-haired, grey-haired, gray-headed, grey-headed, grizzly, hoar, hoary, white-haired]
3 darkened with overcast; "a dark day"; "a dull sky"; "a gray rainy afternoon"; "gray clouds"; "the sky was leaden and thick" [syn: dull, grey, leaden]
4 used to signify the Confederate forces in the Civil War (who wore gray uniforms); "a stalwart gray figure" [syn: grey]
5 intermediate in character or position; "a gray area between clearly legal and strictly illegal" [syn: grey]

Noun

1 a neutral achromatic color midway between white and black [syn: grayness, grey, greyness]
2 gray clothing; "he was dressed in gray" [syn: grey]
3 any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are gray; "the Confederate army was a vast gray" [syn: grey]
4 horse of a light grey or whitish color
5 English poet best known for his elegy written in a country church-yard (1716-1771) [syn: Thomas Gray]
6 American navigator who twice circumnavigated the globe and who discovered the Columbia River (1755-1806) [syn: Robert Gray]
7 United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810-1888) [syn: Asa Gray]

Verb

1 make gray; "The painter decided to grey the sky" [syn: grey]
2 turn gray; "Her hair began to gray" [syn: grey]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology 1

Alternative spellings

Pronunciation

Adjective

en-adj er
  1. In the context of "mainly|US}} grey

Noun

grey

Extensive Definition

This article is about the color. For other uses, see Grey (disambiguation) and Gray (disambiguation).
Grey or gray (see spelling differences) describes any shade between black and white. Collectively, white, black, and the range of greys between them are known as achromatic colors or neutral colors. Greys are seen commonly in nature and fashion. Grey paints can be created by mixing complementary colors (that is colors directly opposite on the color wheel, e.g. yellow and violet). In the RGB color model used by computer displays, it is created by mixing equal amounts of red, green, and blue light. Images which consist wholly of neutral colors are called monochrome, black-and-white or greyscale.

In color theory

Most grey pigments have a cool or warm cast to them, as the human eye can detect even a minute amount of saturation. Yellow, orange and red create a "warm grey". Green, blue, or purple, create a "cool grey". When there is no cast at all, it is referred to as "neutral grey" or simply "grey". Two colors are called complementary colors if grey is produced when they are combined. Grey is its own complement. Consequently, grey remains grey when its color spectrum is inverted, and so has no opposite, or alternately is its own opposite.
Artists sometimes use the two different spellings to distinguish between strict combinations of black and white versus combinations that have elements of hue.

Web colors

There are several shades of grey available for use with HTML and CSS in word form, while there are 254 true greys available through Hex triplet. All are spelled with an a: using the e spelling can cause unexpected errors with outdated browsers (this discrepancy was inherited from the X11 color list), and to this day, Internet Explorer's Trident browser engine does not recognize "grey" and will not render it. Another anomaly is that "gray" is in fact much darker than the X11 color marked "darkgray;" this is because of a conflict with the original HTML gray and the X11's "gray," which is closer to HTML's "silver." The three "slategray" colors are not themselves on the greyscale, but are slightly saturated towards cyan (green + blue). Note that since there are an even (256, including black and white) number of unsaturated shades of grey, there are actually two grey tones straddling the midpoint in the 8-bit grayscale. The color name "gray" has been assigned the lighter of the two shades (128 also known as #808080), due to rounding up. In browsers that support it, "grey" has the same color as "gray."

Light (RYB)

     
red (●) + yellow (●) + blue (●) = white (●)
 

Pigment (GVO)

     
green (●) + violet (●) + orange (●) = black (●)
 

Color coordinates

Grey values result when r = g = b, for the color (r, g, b): Grey values are produced by c = m = y = 0, for the color (c, m, y, k). Lightness is adjusted by varying k. In theory, any mixture where c = m = y is neutral, but in practice such mixtures are often a muddy brown (see CMYK#Why black ink is used).:Greys result whenever s is 0 or undefined, as is the case when v is 0 or l is 0 or 1

In human culture

Environmentalism
Ethics
  • In a moral sense grey is either used
    • pejoratively to describe situations that have no clear moral value, or
    • positively to balance an all-black or all-white view (for example, shades of grey represent magnitudes of good and bad).
Folklore
  • In folklore, grey is often associated with goblin folk of several kinds. Scandinavian folklore often depicts their gnomes and nisser in grey clothing. This is partly because of their association with dusk, partly because these races, including elves (see below), often are outside moral standards (black or white).
Literature / Film / Music
Television
  • The Grey Council consists of the nine leaders of the Minbari in the Babylon 5 universe.
  • Grey's Anatomy is a popular drama tv series. The name suggests that the show might be more factual than it is in reality.
Journalism
Sociology Sound Engineering
Religion
Gerontology
  • Aging hair is often perceived as being grey although it is actually white, because white hairs next to other colors look comparatively darker. Hence grey is associated with the elderly, and has inspired the name of the Gray Panthers and expressions such as Grey pound.
  • Hence the inspiration for the song The Old Gray Mare, and punning reference such as the Bugs Bunny cartoon with the double-play-on-words title The Old Grey Hare.
Military
Nazi Germany
Neurology
Parapsychology Parties
  • A "grey person" is someone who goes unnoticed, a wallflower.
Psychology
  • Grey is often synonymous with things that are dull and boring
  • Grey represents pessimism whereas its opposite, optimism, is represented by the color rose.
  • A concept that is in a Grey area is a concept about which one is unsure what category in which to place it.
Sexuality
Sports
Nanotechnology
UFOs

References

gray in Aragonese: Griso
gray in Guarani: Hũngy
gray in Aymara: Uqi
gray in Banyumasan: Abu-Abu
gray in Belarusian: Шэры колер
gray in Catalan: Gris
gray in Czech: Šedá
gray in Danish: Grå
gray in Pennsylvania German: Groh
gray in German: Grau
gray in Modern Greek (1453-): Γκρι
gray in Spanish: Gris
gray in Esperanto: Griza
gray in Basque: Gris
gray in Persian: خاکستری
gray in French: Gris
gray in Korean: 회색
gray in Indonesian: Abu-abu
gray in Italian: Grigio
gray in Hebrew: אפור
gray in Haitian: Gri
gray in Latin: Canus
gray in Luxembourgish: Gro
gray in Lithuanian: Pilka
gray in Malay (macrolanguage): Kelabu
gray in Dutch: Grijs
gray in Japanese: 灰色
gray in Chechen: Сира
gray in Norwegian: Grå
gray in Norwegian Nynorsk: Grå
gray in Narom: Gris
gray in Polish: Szary
gray in Portuguese: Cinza
gray in Romanian: Gri
gray in Quechua: Uqi
gray in Russian: Серый цвет
gray in Simple English: Gray
gray in Slovak: Sivá
gray in Finnish: Harmaa
gray in Swedish: Grå
gray in Thai: สีเทา
gray in Vietnamese: Xám
gray in Turkish: Gri
gray in Ukrainian: Сірий колір
gray in Chinese: 灰色

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Quaker-colored, achromatic, achromic, acier, advanced, advanced in life, advanced in years, aged, along in years, ancient, anemic, ashen, ashy, bay, bayard, black, bleak, bled white, bloodless, boring, buckskin, cadaverous, calico pony, canescence, canescent, chestnut, chloranemic, cinereous, cinerous, colorless, dapple, dapple-gray, dappled, dappled-gray, dark, dead, deadly pale, deathly pale, dim, dimmed, dingy, discolored, dismal, dove-colored, dove-gray, drab, drabness, drear, drearisome, dreary, dull, dullness, dun, dusty, elderly, etiolated, exsanguinated, exsanguine, exsanguineous, faded, faint, fallow, flat, funebrial, funereal, ghastly, glaucescence, glaucescent, glaucous, glaucousness, gloomy, grave, gray with age, gray-black, gray-brown, gray-colored, gray-drab, gray-green, gray-haired, gray-headed, gray-spotted, gray-toned, gray-white, grayed, grayish, grayishness, grayness, grim, griseous, grizzle, grizzled, grizzly, grown old, haggard, hoar, hoary, hueless, humdrum, hypochromic, iron-gray, lackluster, lead-gray, leaden, leadenness, livid, lividity, lividness, lurid, lusterless, mat, mealy, monotonous, mouse-colored, mouse-gray, mousiness, mousy, muddy, neutral, neutral tint, old, old as Methuselah, paint, painted pony, pale, pale as death, pale-faced, pallid, pasty, patriarchal, pearl, pearl-gray, pearly, piebald, pinto, repetitive, roan, sad, sallow, same, samely, saturnine, senectuous, sickly, silver, silver-gray, silvered, silveriness, silvery, skewbald, slate-colored, slatiness, slaty, smoke-gray, smokiness, smoky, sober, soberness, solemn, somber, somberness, sombrous, sorrel, steel-gray, steely, stone-colored, tallow-faced, taupe, tedious, toneless, triste, uncolored, unrelieved, venerable, wan, washed-out, waxen, weak, weariful, wearisome, weary, whey-faced, white, white with age, white-bearded, white-crowned, white-haired, wrinkled, wrinkly, years old
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